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Mechatronics is important because it enhances functionality and features. It brings more efficiency. Mechatronics adds intelligence to design of the system, by which efficiency of the system improves. It reduces cost. Mechanical solutions are expensive when compared to mechatronics solutions, which lowers cost. A mechatronic solution improves design time, product size and reliability. It is also more user-friendly and safer to use. Mechatronic uses microcontroller, by which precision, position, speed, flow rate, and variables can be controlled. Using mechatronic solution increases reliability. Mechanical designs get damaged over time whereas mechatronic design is more reliable. An example is the odometer present in the cars.

Studying mechatronic has a good career scope. The demand of nanotechnology, bio mechatronics, and robotics in increasing day by day in developing countries. Also, the salary package offered to mechatronic engineers is very high.

  • It is used in home appliances such as dish washer and washing machines.

  • It is used in laser optical systems. It is part of the image and sound processing devices such as sound operators and automatic focusing device.

  • Mechatronic is also used in intelligent measuring devices like calibration devices, measuring and testing of sensors.

  • Mechatronic is used in the medical field as well. Many medical applications such as magnetic resonance, ultrasonic probes, and arthroscopic devices use mechatronics.

  • It is used in automation like automatic air conditioning systems, security system, and automatic door systems. It is also used in pressure, heat and position control systems.

  • It is widely used in aeronautics engineering for unmanned aerial vehicles and automatic pilots. In the defence industry it is used for automatically guided vehicles and mine detection robots.

Mechatronic Future Trends

After figuring out how to harvest, store and use electricity, engineers were able to bring mechanics to life; and as computer science rose in usefulness, mechatronic engineers started to use their field to create smart and complex machines that are designed to make life more secure and efficient. As these machines become more intricate and capable, the future of mechatronics will continue to grow and look for ways we can use energy and mechanics to help accomplish difficult or time consuming tasks, as well as continue to connect the world and increase our understanding of life.

Currently, individuals in the tech field are awaiting the end of Moore’s Law, named after Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of Intel. In 1970, Moore predicted that every two years the number of transistors on a chip would double, which would make technology smaller. Transistors are semiconductor devices used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power. This theory has been witnessed by the general public, who went from seeing room sized computers, to table sized computers, to computers than can fit on our laps, to computers that fit in our hands. The IoT continues to grow and incorporate standard objects, which makes it impossible not to wonder what to expect next from the internet of things. However, as we approach the smallest possible size, not only for these devices but for any possible object, the end of Moore’s Law is expected in the future of electronics.

Imagining the future of electronics may seem impossible, but that job belongs to futurists, who are, as the name implies, people who attempt to predict the future. The practice is also known as trend analysis, and it’s done by organizational leaders, authors, consultants and other kinds of leaders using interdisciplinary and systems thinking. Futurists are often used for risk management in businesses that are considering bold innovations as well as for identifying emerging market opportunities; however, in the most modern and contextual usage, futurists use these processes to envision the future of technology.

Three Technological Developments

According to Futurist Brian David Johnson, who worked at Intel until leaving to work for Arizona State University in 2016, the three major technological developments we can expect by 2022 are projects referred to as the Secret Life of Data, Ghost of Computing, and Future of Fear. The Secret Life of Data refers to the use of big data and programming algorithms to understand human thought processes, which makes the data more efficient for us to use and, in a way, feels like it has a mind of its own.

Ghost of Computing involves the aforementioned decrease in size of electronics. As the size of the technology needed for a computer gets closer and closer to zero, the question is no longer about how much smaller and more efficient the technology can be made, rather, what should the technology be used in and for now. Society is approaching a peak and pivot point where limits seem to have no end and mechatronic minds are capable of realizing any creation.

The last of the three mentioned by Johnson is less of a new technology and more of a theory. In a very literal sense, the Future of Fear is about disabling the concerns people have about the future of technology. Johnson mentions that people create fears they associate with the future of technology but that are not established in machines or the IoT. After all, technology is and always has been a tool we are in control of that makes human life more efficient.

Our entire modern world revolves around the advancements society has made with electricity. Technological advancements continue to grow and change in ways that will no longer be noticeable by the size of the technology we create, but with the innovative ideas we are able to make into realities. Mechatronics is a field that opens the door to possibilities of new breakthrough ideas that have the potential to change day-to-day life. While technology and the future have been envisioned in a lot of different ways, futurists with tech companies are provided with the tools to see what the world will look like in 10 or 15 years, and of course, there are many technological developments just down the road.

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