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Azuko advisory on slowdown...

Slowdown in Automotive industry and manufacturing sector has raised a sense of uncertainty and doubt in the minds of students and professionals. Worrying about challenges is justified but only worrying about them is not justified. Azuko believes in converting challenges into opportunities. We do so by understanding the root cause, new direction of industry and we work in the new direction where industry is focused

In today's scenario, the root cause of the slowdown is phasing out of Internal Combustion (IC) engines and advent of Electric Vehicles (EV). Azuko also aligned itself to not only make its own EV but also opened the doors of EV for students to get trained on latest EV technologies. EV also opens wide areas of opportunities for domains like Plastic and Sheet metal. Azuko advices to gain expertise in these domains to be successful in current slowdown condition.


Yet another area which is booming across the globe is MEP, in which HVAC, Piping, Fir-fighting etc. are designed for a facility. It has become mandatory in European counties and UAE. Future is bright in this area.

Planning your career with only software knowledge (CAD, CAM, CAE) is not recommended as it poses serious risks during slowdown. Azuko advices to go with DOMAIN and engineering knowledge along with hands-on expertise on CAD tools being used in the chosen domain. Industry expects you to be expert in engineering and CAD, together.

In simple words:

Go for DOMAIN+CAD skillset in the industry, like

  • Electric Vehicle + CAD

  • Plastic DOMAIN + CAD

  • Sheet Metal DOMAIN + CAD


Acquiring any of above skillsets will align you to new direction of the industry. It will not only safeguard you during the slowdown, but also make a bright and enjoyable career for you. 




These are the highest level of training provided by industrial experts. This is pure specialized application of engineering for a given area of work. Currently we find four promising areas

  • Electric Vehicles design

  • Plastic Domain concepts & Design

  • Sheet metal concepts and Design

  • HVAC implementation on MEP 


Concept and application of GD&T is another premiere sounding but actually mandatory skillset any modern mechanical engineer must posses.

Below are the details for them:




Look around you to find out plastic products. You will be amazed by the presence. Take example of automobile industry, consumer goods industry, electronics industry, construction industry, sports, medical industry, or any industry, you will not have any industry which do not use any plastic product. Slowly it is replacing all metallic parts to reduce weight with added aesthetic appearance. Due to its ease of manufacturing, it is even more popular than it could have been imagined couple of decades back. In this era of plastic world, we recommend learning plastic domain to make a promising career as mechanical engineer.



Look around, you would find many sheet metal products around. May be laptop, desktop, doors, windows, electric fixtures, and so many things to realize. It is most popular manufacturing material due to readiness of sheet metal in different types, size, materials etc. Todays industry provides wide range of opportunities to work in sheet metal segment of the industry.



New era 0f engineering is collaborative multi-disciplinary design. Electric Vehicle is an engineering endeavor in which following types of engineers are engaged:

  • Mechanical Engineers

  • Electrical Engineers

  • Electronics Engineers

  • IT Engineers

  • Chemical Engineers

You can realize it when you think about making of an electric vehicle. As a mechanical engineer, you are responsible for power train, vehicle dynamics, body, cabin, BIW, enclosures, plastic trims, safety, and many such components which have been core forte of a mechanical engineers. Possibilities are again endless. Come, join the exciting journey of starting a new era of engineering. 



MEP is first collaborative colitis in which Mechanical, Electrical, and Civil engineers work together to create a collective solution to provide following latest solutions:

  • Air Conditioning and Piping 

  • Water supply and plumbing

  • Electric layout and power distribution

  • Fire detection and suppression

Industry is facing lack of skilled workforce. It is so because BIM based design is become mandatory for safety and quality. Ride the wave, make you career in MEP-HVAC.


Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing (GD&T) is used for reducing cost, increasing quality and enabling global distributed manufacturing. It is a functional language used between designer and manufacturer. If you are either of them then you must know the language for effective communication. Isn't it?

Course Content

  • Introduction to dimensioning, tolerancing and GD&T

  • Datum, Datum features, And Datum target

  • GD&T Profile (14)

  • Feature control frame

  • Rules of GD&T

  • Bonus tolerance

  • 19 important modifiers in GD&T

  • Using software for GD&T


CAUTION: Learning only software will increase the risk of slowdown.

Azuko advices to go for DOMAIN + CAD. Learn suitable software for choose DOMAIN. 


CAD Tools

Your mechanical industry expects following CAD, CAM, and CAE skills from you:

  • 2D Drafting (CAD)

  • 3D Modelling (CAD)

  • Manufacturing (CAM)

  • Meshing and Analysis (CAE)

Remember, these are software tools intended to work on engineering solutions. Therefore, learn these tools for a particular DOMAIN, and select tools which are used in actual industry. Below is generic advisory for all popular tools.

2D Drafting


It is used to draw different projections, views, sections, assemblies, etc. For all practical purposes (e.g., design, manufacturing, inspection, etc.) 2D draft sheets are printed and distributed. These are mostly drawn in AutoCAD. You must plan to be expert in same.

3D Modeling


3D models are most important in the industry. These are created for easy visualization, conflict validation of assemblies, constrained animation to confirm functioning, etc. There are multiple tools available in market. List of most prominent are given below. You must be expert of at least two tools to capitalize on available opportunities.



Era of manual manufacturing is over. Computer Added Manufacturing (CAM) is a compulsion of current world. Look at any manufacturing plant video, you will find all machine, robots, tools etc. automatically manufacturing the components and assembling the final products. As a latest breed of engineers, you must learn CAM if manufacturing is your passion.

Meshing and Analysis (CAE)

After creation of 3D models, you would need to convert your models in to finite number of elements (called meshing) and then apply different boundary conditions and loadings. You apply solvers to perform computerized testing of the model. You must plan to expertise Hypermesh and Ansys to call yourself a designer.



Mechanical CAD

AutoCAD 2D/3D (Drafting and Modeling)

AutoCAD is the evergreen superstar of drafting. The immense power of 3D modeling is extremely used in Mechanical Engineering and we endeavor our students too to be the superstar of same.

Course content

  • Theory of Drafting

  • Graphical User Interface (GUI)

  • Drawing tools

  • Modifying tools

  • Block tools

  • Layers and Hatching

  • Text and Dimension styles

  • Xref and Layout

  • Isometric

  • Solid modeling

  • Surface modeling

Many more topics, tests and exercises to prepare for job interview


CATIA (3D Modeling)

If any tool is fastest growing in Mechanical Industry then it is none other than CATIA. We encourage students to join the growth journey and be at par with industry growth.

Course Content

  • Introduction and GUI

  • Sketcher – Workbench, operation, constraint

  • Part modeling – Sketch base feature, Multi-section solid, Dress-up feature, etc.

  • Drafting – Drawing workbench, different views and dimensioning

  • Generative Sheet metal – Surface, extrude, revolve, sphere, cylinder, etc.

  • Assembly Environment – Insert assembly, fixing, move, constraints, clash, explode, Bottom-up Assembly, etc.

  • Wireframe – Point, line, datum, projection, intersection, 3D curve

  • Reverse Engineering

Many more topics, tests, exercises to prepare for a job.

Siemens NX (3D Modeling)

One of the most sophisticated tools for mechanical engineers is Unigraphics - NX-CAD. This is the best tool in surfacing. Being highly priced tools, it attracts the best profiles and most handsome salary. Go for it folks!

Course Contents

  • Introduction and GUI, Ribbon & Resource bar, etc.

  • Sketcher – Workbench,

  • Geometric & Dimensional constraints, Constraining sketches

  • The degree of freedom arrows, Geometric constraints, Applying Additional Constraints

  • Converting a Sketch Entity into a Reference Entity

  • Part Design: Datum feature overview,

  • Specifying the Boolean Operation- Extrude, Revolve, Unite, Subtract

  • Advanced modeling

  • Editing features

  • Assembly modeling

  • Top-down assembly design

  • Surfacing – Introduction, Creating and Extruding Surface,

  • Working with surfaces

  • Creating the Planar Surfaces from 2D Sketches

  • Adding Thickness to a Surface

  • Advanced surfacing:

  • Surface analysis

  • 3-D curves

  • Render

  • Drafting

  • Synchronous modeling

  • Variable thickness surface (Sectioning)

Many more topics, tests and exercises to prepare for a most rewarding job 

Solidworks (3D Modeling)

Solidworks is yet another software from Dassault Systemes which is very popular in industries having less complicated models to work on. It is popular in casting and molding industries. It is one of the most user friendly software and therefore it attracts significant demand in market.

Course Contents

  • Introduction to Solid works,

  • Getting to Know the Interface, Introduction to Sketcher,  File Commands , View Toolbar, Sketch Toolbar and RelationsIntroduction and GUI, Ribbon & Resource bar, etc.

  • Working with Sketches

  • Part Design, Sketch Techniques, Visualization Techniques, Features, Operations

  • Extrude, Revolve, Loft, Sweep, Helix, Projecting curves, Fillet.

  • Shapes, Warp, Flex, Deform, Indent,  Pattern, Mirror, Equation and Expression.

  • Automated Drafting, formats, templates, Working with Drawing Views

  • Assembly and Sub Assembly Design

  • Dimensioning and Tolerance

  • Creating Tables and Layers

  • Introduction to Surface Design, Terminology, Creating Surfaces, Using Surface Techniques, Operations on Surfaces

  • Sheet Metal Design=, Concepts in Sheet metal design bend allowance bend deduction, K-factor, Inserting Base Flange, Sheet Metal Tab, Edge Flange, Miter Flange, Hem, Jog. 

  • Creating Break Corner/Corner Trim, Closed Corners, Rip.

More topics, tests and exercises to prepare for a job 

CREO/ Pro-E (3D Modeling)

It is one of the oldest CAD software in the industry. This justifies the widespread footprint of Creo and learning it increases the job prospective to a good extent.

Course Content

  • Introduction and GUI

  • Working with sketches - Line, Rectangle, circle, arc, ellipse, spline, etc.

  • Editing and constraints

  • Dimensioning

  • Part modeling

  • Drafting – creating drawing views

  • Surfacing – Style, surface edit, surface connect, surface trim, etc.

  • Curve, arc, circle, projects, conversion of the surface into part

  • Sheet metal – planner, extrude, boundary blend, replication

  • Assembly – understanding of assembly, constraint theory, Basic of top down and bottom up assembly

  • Calling part, constraint, align, automatic alignment, dragging, axis alignment

  • Exploded view, managing of exploded view, bill of material, Balloon Generation

  • Draw BOM table, measuring pairs, clearance

Many more topics, tests and exercises to prepare for a job

Inventor (3D Modeling)

This is the new kid on the block by Autodesk with facilities of CAD Meshing and Analysis to the limited extent. Purpose of the tool is to work in all areas with limited complexities. It is very helpful in small-scale industries.

Course content

  • Introduction and GUI

  • Working with sketches - Line, Rectangle, circle, arc, ellipse, spline, etc.

  • Editing and constraints

  • 3-D sketching - Draw: line, helical curve, arc, spline, point, bend

  • 3-D sketch - Intersection curve, a project to surface, curve on the face

  • 3-D modeling - Create: extrude, revolve, sweep, loft, coil, rib, emboss

  • 3-D model – modify, work model, primitives, features

  • Convert to sheet metal – create, modify, Ipart /iAs, etc.

  • Surface - Stitch, patch, sculpt, ruled surface, trim, extend, replace face, repair bodies, fit mesh face, shape generator

  • Assembly – components, relationships, productivity, etc.

  • Drafting – create and modify

  • Analysis – Manage, material, constraints, loads, contacts, prepare, mesh, solve, results, displayed, report.

Many more topics, tests and exercises to prepare for job



Siemens NX (CAM)

Can we imagine manual manufacturing, particularly for mass production? Not at all. In today's modern world, we simulate entire manufacturing process (operations, tools, path, and sequence) in CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) software e and generate NC program for next processing. NX-CAM is the world leader and you should plan for same.

Course content

  • Introduction to manufacturing and CAM

  • Milling operations overview

  • Milling cutter overview

  • G codes and M codes

  • Understanding CAM terminologies

  • Machine environment and understanding CAM setup

  • CAM configuration     

  • Milling operations subtypes

  • Operation navigator

  • Visualize and Analyze

  • Face milling operation and its types

  • Planer milling operation and its types

  • Contour Milling operations and its types

  • Turning operations

  • Threading operation

  • Drilling operation




Hypermesh (Meshing)

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) action starts with meshing and Big Boss of meshing is The Hypermesh. Enter into the world of CAE with Hypermesh to begin with pre-processing. Technology unlimited.

Course content

  • The basic concept of FEA/FEM

  • Type of analysis

  • Overview of GUI

  • Defining engineering data.

  • Basics of the strength of a material, types of materials, the theory of failure

  • Sketch, create, concept, tools

  • Geometrical cleanup, quick edit, line edit.

  • Creating basic figures like beams, cylinders, box, pipes, cone, etc

  • 1D element tool and analysis - Rod, Bar & Beam element.

  • 2D surface creation, mid surface, defeature, automesh

  • Meshing without surface

  • Quality checks for mesh

  • Surface edit tools and analysis

  • Use of 3D Tool for solid

  • Tetramesh, Hexamesh, creating Hex-penta mesh using surface

  • Using tetramesh process manager

Many more topics, tests and exercises to prepare for job

ANSYS workbench - Structural + Thermal

Unless you learn analysis, you can't claim to be a mechanical design engineer. The reason is simple, you did not test your components under different conditions.  As a beginner, you may adapt to beginner course as outlined below:

  • Basic concepts of FEA/FEM

  • Basics of Strength of Materials

  • Ansys Design moduler

  • Overview of Meshing

  • 1-D meshing and its applications

  • 2-D meshing and its applications

  • 3-D meshing and its applications

  • Ansys mesh tool

  • Advanced Strength of materials

  • Ansys static structural analysis

  • Basics of thermodynamics

  • Final project


Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is one of the largest area of mechanical engineering in which analysis of fluid and its flow is conducted. May it be flow of air on turbines. or aerodynamic analysis of a car/airplane, or water flow in heat exchanges, or rocket propulsion, or any such engineering application you may think about, FLUENT is definitely having a prominent footprint in the industry. You may adapt to focused course as outlined below:

  • CFD Theory, applications and advantages

  • Governing equation - Continuity, Momentum and Energy

  • Geometry import

    • Mesh creation in Hypermesh

    • Export from Hypermesh

    • Import to FLUENT

  • Turbulent models

  • Theory with applications

    • Spalart Allmaras model

    • κ-ε model

    • κ-ω model

    • SST Model

    • RANS Model

  • y+ Wall treatment

    • Theory and application 

  • Mesh generation

  • Mesh creation in Fluent after import of IGES Files.

  • Analysis (CFD)

    • (A) Free Convection - Electronic Fins 

    • (B) Forced Convectionn- Heat Exchangers

    • (C) MRF (Moving Reference Frame) - Disc Brakes

    • (D) Radiation

    • (E) Multiphase Flows

  • Post processing

    • Contours-Pressure

    • Velocity and Temperatures

    • Streamlines

  • Validation

    • Determine h- Heat Transfer 

    • Coefficient or Nu (Nusselt number)


Experts of APDL always prefer to work ion APDL. We appreciate same and extend our support to make them expert in their area of choice. Look at our coverage for same:

  • FEA Theory, Applications, Advantages, limitations

  • Modeling - Geometry Import, Cleanup, Modeling, Boolean

  • Meshing - Elements and Types, Mesh-1D, 2D, 3D, Free Meshing, Mapped Meshing,Command Prompt, Element Attributes,

  • Analysis

    • A] Structural

    • B] Thermal

    • C] Axisymmetric

    • D] Modal

    • E] Harmonic

    • F] Buckling

    • G] Transient-Composite Wall

    • H] Nonlinear-Contact, Fatigue, Creep


When you appear for any job interview, after completing your engineering course, the employer or interviewer expects you to be strong in fundamentals of the engineering such that you can apply the learnings to real life situations. Click on buttons below to know and revise the topics you, as a mechanical engineer needs to refresh before attending any interview. After revision, test yourself for FREE by clicking on next button. You will instantly get you test score !  


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