MAKING CAREER IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

WHY EV IN PLACE OF PETROL/DIESEL VEHICLES?

Higher Efficiency of Electric Vehicle

High Efficiency

Compared to 15-20% efficiency of petrol/diesel vehicles, the electric vehicle gives 69-72% efficiency. And the EV efficiency is going up, day-by day.

ZeroPollution

Zero Local Pollution

Unlike petrol or diesel vehicles, nothing is burnt inside an EV. The vehicle gets the power from batteries which creates ZERO local pollution to run the vehicles. 

Low running cost

Low Running Cost

EECA (New Zealand) found the EV running cost to be only 15% of running cost of a petrol vehicle. Means, spend only 75 paise in place of 5 Rs/km to run an EV car!

EV Low maintanance

Low Maintenance

Electric vehicles have simpler design, less number of components, less number of moving parts, less items to maintain, and therefore, less maintenance cost.

WHAT IS THE EV TECHNOLOGY? HOW IT WORKS? 

ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY

Primarily EVs have electric batteries to provide power to the vehicle. Motor in an EV takes electric power from the batteries and converts it in to mechanical power to drive the vehicle. These batteries and motors are controlled by electronics devices called BMS (battery management system) and Controller. Its simple and efficient!

Overall there are following major components in an EV:

  1. Battery – Battery is the power house of an EV. The capacity, charge/discharge rate, lifecycle, etc. are critical to make an high performance EV, It is most focused area of research and development across the globe

  2. Battery management system (BMS) – An electronic device to control the amount of electricity to be given to each and every battery and also to control the amount of electricity to be drawn from the batteries. It also monitors the health of batteries and perform load balancing between them.

  3. Motor – This is main driving component of the EV. It operates at above 90-98% efficiency. World is focusing to make it even better by making it more robust, light weight, sound proof, etc.

  4. Controller – It is heart of the EV. It controls entire EV, in terms of need of power verses speed, giving commands to BMS to manage batteries, working on cooling needs, etc. Smart EV will need smart controllers.

  5. Regenerative braking – It is another smart solution used in the EV. When we apply mild brake then it converts kinetic energy in to electrical energy and recharges the batteries.

  6. Charger – There are slow, fast, and rapid chargers. The timing varies from 12 hours to 30 minutes. The rating varies from 3 kW to 120kW. Latest charging was achieved in 6 minutes in lab conditions and we intend to achieve 1 minute charging condition. It will be a game changer for success of the EV. 

 

​Apart from above core areas of work, there are more specialized areas of work, for example, vehicle body (to be made with sheet metal and plastics), vehicle dynamics (body structure, chassis, suspension systems, steering, braking, etc.), Connectivity (IOT solutions for mobile monitoring and controlling), low voltage circuits (lights, indicators, horns, etc.), climate control (air conditioning), seating, safety, etc, Once you start working in the EV industry hen you will align yourself to one of the above areas to work in the EV industry. As of now, begin the journey while being open to all of them. every area is wide and having lots of opportunities.

HOW IS THE FUTURE ?

Simple answer is - THIS IS THE FUTURE!

Look at the projection given by BloombergNEF in 2019. Buses are already in use, as you must have noticed in bigger cities. Light commercial vehicles are next in line, you might have noticed large EV orders placed by OLA. Next growing segment is passenger vehicles, which will grow fast as soon as the EV delivery is started and people get experience and benefits. Huge demand is on the way. You must plan for it, as Azuko has already ventured into it. 

EVSegmentProjection.jpg

HOW CAN I MAKE EXCITING CAREER IN EV?

If you are a Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, or Mechatronics engineer then you can make your career in EV Industry. We believe in practical based learning. Since Azuko is making its own electric vehicle to be launched in market, it gives access to suitable students to work on Azuko EV projects. This opportunity is given to only those students who are enthusiastic, can assist core product development team, and complete all activities on time. Azuko is probably the only EV company in the India who is giving access of EV technology directly to its students.

WHAT SHOULD I LEARN?

Diploma in Electric Vehicle Design

Below are the topics we advice you to learn. It covers good Indian and international courses. Additionally, there are few topics which are not available in any course but Azuko has added to make is suitable for the EV industry.

  • Basics of Electric Vehicle

    • What are Electric Vehicles

    • Technology Involved

    • Types of Electrified Vehicles

    • Electric vs Hybrid vs Fuel Cell

    • Definitions and Abbreviations

    • Common Terminology

  • Components of Electric Vehicles

    • Overview of Electric Machines

    • Overview of Batteries

    • Super capacitors

    • Power Electronics

  • Basics of Electic Motors

    • Induction motors

    • Synchronous motors

    • Torque production characteristics

    • Electrical motor topologies and operations principles: radial, axial and transversal flux motors

    • Torque production and characteristics of induction, permanent magnet and reluctance motors

    • Motor controller

  • Basics of Batteries

    • Types of High voltage batteries and selection criteria

    • Power & Energy Density

    • The most common battery chemistries

  • Basics of converters

    • DCDC converters

    • Variable frequency supply

    • Switching and control

    • The embedded design of the converters

  • Charging of Electric Vehicles

    • Overview of charging

    • Requirements for charging infrastructure

    • Types of charging

    • Global Standards

  • Battery Management System (BMS)

  • Data communication systems in EV

  • Control systems in EV

  • High voltage and low voltage circuits

  • Vehicle traction (propulsion) and Power Train

    • Understanding Power & Energy

    • Propulsion Force & Range

    • Auxiliary drive system

    • Drive cycles

    • Electric Motors & Controls

    • Range and Power Calculations

    • Power Electronics

    • Specification of the electrical vehicle in concordance with driving cycle and range requirements.

  • Regenerative Braking

  • Thermal Issues in Batteries

    • Cooling systems

    • Challenges and resolutions

  • Operations of EV

  • Applications of EV

    • Buses or trucks

    • Passenger cars

    • Two wheelers

    • Others (3 wheelers, excavators, earth moving machines, etc.)

  • Review of existing designs

  • Current EV adaption in India

  • Global EV adaption and progress

  • Simulation and Analysis of EV

    • Electrical vehicle design and design evaluation using the computational model. 

    • Refinement of the electrical vehicle powertrain model for the design power transmission efficiency assessment.

  • Safety and protection

  • Tests and exercises - Theory test and computer based exercises throughout the course

 

I AM A MECHANICAL GUY. HOW SHOULD I PROCEED?

Electrical vehicles will have a big share from mechanical engineering field. Traditionally transportation industry belongs to mechanical engineers. They are the best community to understand and control the dynamics of a vehicles in terms of need or power (torque verses speed), structural stability, safety solutions, environment control, maneuvering, and so on. As a mechanical engineer, you can choose from following courses::

Foundation courses:

  • Diploma in Electric Vehicle Design

  • Diploma in Mechanical CAD (AutoCAD , CATIA/NX)

Advanced courses:

 

Azuko advices a mechanical engineer to begin with foundation course to fulfil the minimum expectations and then choose advanced course based on yourinterest.

HOW ELECTRICAL GUYS CAN PLAN THEIR CAREER? 

Electrical engineers are expected to work on the core of the electric vehicle, that is batteries and motors with help of controlling devices (BMS and Controller) and wires. As an electrical engineer, you can choose from following courses:

Foundation courses::

  • Diploma in Electric Vehicle Design

  • Diploma in Wire harnessing and routing on latest tools like CREO/CATIA

Advanced courses:

  • Motor technologies

  • Battery technologies

  • Regenerative braking design

  • Charging systems

 

Azuko advices an electrical engineer to begin with Foundation courses to fulfil the minimum expectations and then choose advanced courses based on your interest.

HOW ELECTRONICS GUYS CAN MAKE THEIR CAREER?

Electronics engineers have a critical role to play the Electric vehicle industry. The electronic system controls the entire electric vehicle. It controls motor, its torque (power), speed, functioning (forward or revers) and so on. It controls the batteries through BMS (battery management system) which is also an electronics components. As an electronics engineer, you can choose from following courses:

Foundation courses:

  • Diploma in Electric Vehicle Design

  • Diploma in EV programming (Python/OOPS and Embedded programming)

Advanced courses:  (coming soon)

  • BMS Design

  • Controller design

 

Azuko advices an electronics engineer to begin with foundation courses and then choose advanced courses based on your experience and interest.

HOW COMP/IT GUYS CAN MAKE CAREER IN EV?

Electric vehicles are smart vehicles. IOT is effectively being used in the same. You must have seen the control systems of Tesla vehicles which are controlled remotely as well. Those are IOT solutions. You can create wonderful solutions for the electric vehicle industry. An IT engineer can choose from following courses:

EV-IT courses:

  • Diploma in Electric Vehicle Design

  • Master Diploma in IOT Design for EV

Azuko advices a computer science graduate or IT engineer to begin with Diploma in EV Design and then proceed for next course based on any innovative idea they may have. World is moving towards autonomous vehicles, can you add something to it? I am sure you can, just you need to begin the journey!

HOW CAN I BEGIN THIS EXCITING JOURNEY ?

CAN AZUKO HELP ?

Now when COVID-19 is under control and world is opening again, Azuko has decided to restart the EV program in which the students will not only learn about EV, but also design, make, test and put the vehicle on the road for testing. Once the product is ready then Azuko will arrange for product demonstration and recognition from at least one EV Company at Pune. Below are the details of the EV program:

Program name: Advanced Diploma in Electric Vehicle Design

 

Program objective: To design, manufacture and test one EV within 4 months

 

Activities:

  1. Theory and concept sessions

  2. Product design sessions

  3. Parts and material procurement

  4. Manufacturing and assembly

  5. Product testing,

  6. Demonstration to EV company

Certificates:

  1. Advanced Diploma in EV design

  2. Internship certificate (for students who work on the EV)

Job assistance: 100% job assistance till placement

 

Timing:

  • Training 6 hours/week

  • Work on product 20 hours/week

Eligibility:

  • Electrical, Electronics and Mechanical TE/BE and passed out engineering and diploma students

  • Every student should arrange for a high speed laptop to work on the product

  • Mechanical students must know 3D modelling to work on vehicle modeling

Students activities:

  • Electrical: To work on battery pack, BMS, Motor selection, current analysis and choosing appropriate wires and connectors to avoid overheating. short-circuit protection provisioning, input to mechanical team for air cooling, waterproofing and weatherproofing considerations, purchase of components, assembly, standalone testing, integration on vehicle body, and final testing.

  • Electronics: To work on BMS, Controller, LV/HV circuits to control other accessories like light, horn, etc., waterproofing circuits and connectors, wire harnessing and magnetic shielding input to mechanical team, standalone testing, installation on vehicle body, and final testing.

  • Mechanical: To work on 3D model and FEA analysis of the vehicle structural for given load carrying capacity, design suspension system as per vehicle dynamics and for given motor power (at highest torque and highest speed), design the electrical and electronics equipment enclosures with water proofing and weatherproofing considerations, creating magnetic shields (if any), providing fixtures for wire harnessing, installing all electrical and electronic equipment on vehicle, and final testing.

Important dates:

  • Batch starting date: Registration closed for current batch. Contact Azuko for next batch enquiry.

Course Fee: 39,999/-

Lets begin the EV product making journey together and wow the world! All the Best!

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